ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΑ FRANÇAIS

Messinia: a big vineyard, of traditional and new varieties…

The traditional Greek varieties that are cultivated to date in Messinia are: Roditis, Fileri, Fokiano, Mandilaria, Mavroudi and Corinthian Grape.

In 1978, after eradication of big extents of Corinthian Grape, new varieties of the Greek vineyard such as Assyrtiko, Debina, Malagouzia and Agiorgitiko, were replanted as well as varieties of the European vineyard such as Chardonnay, Grenache Blanc, Ugni Blanc, Cabernet, Grenache Rouge, Carignan, Merlot and other.

RoditisRoditis, ancient native variety, is widely expanded in all over Greece and Peloponnese. Its fruit is lightly red coloured, but is found in a wide range of variety and colours, that go from green to red. It prefers the limestone soil and brings out its better qualities in altitude. From Roditis aromatic white wines are produced, with fruity flavours, round, balanced and refreshing. The content in alcohol is medium to high. The variety Roditis is also used in a lot of regional wines as well as in the traditional wines with resin.

MandilariaEven if in the beginning Mandilaria was originally cultivated in Cyclades, Rhodes and Crete, now it is expanded in all continental Greece. It is a dynamic and productive variety resistant to illnesses. It gives wines with low alcohol, medium acidity and rich colours. These are tannin wines with an imposing character.

MoschofileroAs for the Moschofilero, it belongs to the big family of varieties that come from Fileri, which is a very old traditional local variety of Peloponnese. A big variety of Fileri clones, due to various differentiations as years went by. Such differentiations are Moschofilero and Mavrofilero. Moschofilero is a grape with soft grey colour, strong flowers aromas, which is used for the making of white and rose wines of high quality, as well as sparkling wines. It is cultivated in Arkadia, in Achaia and naturally in Messinia. This vigorous and productive variety gives wines that are characterized by high acidity and low content in alcohol.

FokianoFokiano is cultivated in the islands of Samos, Ikaria, in Cyclades, Dodecanese and Peloponnese. It is a variety which is vigorous, productive, and resistant to illnesses and dryness. The grapes’ size is big, with red pigmentation. Fokiano gives red wines with rich colour and aromas. We also use it for the production of rose wines.

AgiorgitikoAgiorgitiko is found mainly in Peloponnese and more specifically in the region of Nemea, in an altitude between 250 and 800m. This productive variety, mainly used for the production of red wines, gives dry wines with red fruit flavours and a beautiful and deep ruby colour. This wine was named “the Blood of Hercules”.

AssyrtikoAssyrtiko is a very noble variety that is widely appreciated and comes from Cyclades and particularly Santorini. It can easily be adapted in very different territorial and climatic conditions, always maintaining its characteristics: high acidity and a lot of aromas. It is not surprising that today it is planted all over Greece for the creation of new vineyards.

DebinaEven if the variety of white grape Debina is cultivated mainly in the region of Ioannina, its experimental cultivation also in Peloponnese has very good results. It is used for the production of white dry but also sparkling wines, for which is considered ideal. If harvested at the appropriate time, it gives wines with delicate and balanced bouquet as well as fruity flavours (mainly apple).

MalagouziaAs for Malagouzia, it grows in Macedonia, Fthiotida, Attica and Peloponnese. It is a dynamic, productive variety, with many fruit flavours, relatively resistant to dryness. It offers aromatic wines, with high content in alcohol, medium acidity and aromas of citrus fruits and mint. It is often used in blend with other varieties for the production of regional wines.

… and European grapes

Cabernet SauvignonA variety that comes from France and is well known all over the world is Cabernet Sauvignon and in Messinia it is able to reveal its better qualities. Extremely adaptable in the hot climates, rich in tannins, Cabernet Sauvignon gives wines with vanilla, violet, sour cherry and drained fruit aromas. These wines live for a long time and with the process of aging, they acquire a richer bouquet.

ChardonnayThe white variety Chardonnay is one of the most famous all over the world, and is found in Europe from where it is originated, but also in America, in South Africa, even in Australia. It is very popular, thanks to its vigorousness and it easily adapts in a wide range of soil and climates. Its skin that has an intense yellow colour, gives wines with golden nuances. Less classic than other varieties, it gives aromas that can be different depending on the ground of vineyard, but also the vinification, and leaves big space in the art of wine maker. Between the noble and subtle aromas that can present, we point out the lonicera, the acacia and fruity notes of green apple, banana, pineapple and citrus fruits.

Grenache RougeGrenache Rouge is a fine variety that comes from Spain, vigorous and productive. It gives strong red wines with intense colour and medium acidity. It is usually used for the production of rose wines.

Grenache BlancThe variety Grenache Blanc also comes from Spain. This variety allows the elaboration of naturally sweet wines but also white dry wines. These wines have long aftertaste and low acidity.

CarignanAlso the Spanish originated Carignan is found in Italy, Spain of course, in France, in Greece as well as in America. With good yielding, Carignan, gives wines rich in tannins sometimes strong, hard with aromas of vanilla, capable of aging. While they are fresh, these wines give aromas of red fruit and spices, which are replaced by flavours of skin, burnt almond or mature fruits while the wines age. It often gets blended with other varieties such as Grenache or Syrah.

MerlotAn eminent variety of the region of Bordeaux, Merlot is easily cultivated and vinified. It is the cousin of cabernet, and it is often blended to it in order to give roundness, elegance, and density. Thus it gives a dense, easy-to-drink wine, which does not require aging.

Ugni Blanc, that originates from Trebbiano Bianco of Italy, gives a wine with poor aromas, but lively, which is drunk when fresh. It is used as base wine in combination with other more aromatic varieties, and is often used in the production of table wines.

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